FAQs

Can I create my own pattern for my cement tiles?

YES ! If, after looking at TDC’s extensive line of classic and more contemporary tile designs, you don’t see “the” tile design for you – that’s okay. YOU CAN CREATE YOUR OWN TILE DESIGN! Just tell us what you want.

 

You can send us a photo of a design; draw a design yourself; or have an artistic friend / designer create one for you. Be sure to think through your “look” and your layout. You may want to create a field design, a border design, and/or a corner design that will work well together to create the “look” you want. Test out the colors you want and make your choice.

 

Then, contact us to discuss your design ideas, how we make custom molds for your tile, and the timing involved for special orders.

Aren’t TDC's hand made and custom tiles very expensive?

NO! Thanh Danh Corporation of Vietnam can offer you handmade tile prices that are your best tile values in the world. Click here to learn WHY?

How can I get my tile order shipped to my site?

See How to Ship my tile order.

Can I use cement tile outside in any climate ?

Of course, cement tiles can be used anywhere in the world for your indoor tile projects – floors, walls, showers, counter tops.
And of course, they can be used for all of your outdoor projects – patios, poolside, public squares, commercial walkways in any frost-free climate. Special installation care must be taken for use of cement tile in outdoor locations where freezing temperatures can occur. Like any cement /concrete installation in a freezing climate, special care must be taken when installing cement tiles to prevent water intrusion that can freeze, expand, and crack the concrete. The careful installation of the tile foundation. the proper use and installation of grout and sealer can guard against such water intrusion and cracking.

Are cement tiles difficult to maintain ?

NO – Cement tiles are not difficult to maintain.
Because the tiles have an initial sealer applied at the factory, and then are more fully sealed once they are installed, easy routine cleaning is all that is needed. The colors and patterns are deeply imbedded as part of the cement tile itself and therefore can holdup well for decades. Routine cleaning/mopping with water will diminish surface wear of the sealer finish. Depending upon the desired surface luster, a small amount of wax can be applied (follow product instructions) – but is not necessary. A buffer may improve the waxing results if desired. It is important to NEVER use any abrasive or acidic formula cleaner to clean your cement tiles – that would damage the surface and the color of your tiles over time.

How can TDC’s “Green” tiles made in Vietnam help save the world ?

During the last two decades, Vietnam has seen dramatic growth in its economic development and production.
Yet, while Vietnam now continues to make remarkable economic progress, an ominous, potentially devastating threat to Vietnam’s continued socio-economic development has emerged – Climate Change.
Climate change, in fact, is now already having a negative impact on nearly all sectors of Vietnam’s economy, from agriculture, forestry, and aquaculture to hydro-electric power, oil and gas production and sea transport, according to the UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 presented in Hanoi on November 28, 2007.

Particularly at grave risk from rising sea-levels and increasing extremes in climate variability are the critically important Vietnam coastline and Mekong and Red River delta regions of Vietnam, centers of high populations and important economic, agricultural and trade activities. The UN report warned that poor people in Vietnam and other developing countries will be those most vulnerable to the impact of climate change. TDC – located in a rural province outside Ho Chi Minh City and in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam – is doing its part. It’s hard to imagine a more “green” production company than ours. alt

ENERGY

alt Every TDC tile is made by hand. Our major consumption of energy is the human energy of our workers – from the physical labor of mixing cement, sand and aggregate to the human passion of crafting unique designs and colors. There is no heat, no glazing, no firing, no baking involved in the production of our tiles. Our tiles are pressed – using classic tile press machinery that relies on the extremely low energy consumed by a hydraulic pump.
Our factory is “open-air” – not air-conditioned. Good ventilation and low-energy consuming fans provide a comfortable work environment for our workers.

 

WORKERS

Our skilled tile press workers are drawn and trained from the local surrounding community.

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Our labor force arrives each morning at the TDC factory by foot, by bicycle or by motorbike.
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Our TDC factory provides an on-site kitchen for our employee’s lunch. And a community vegetable garden directly across a small dirt road from our factory provides fresh, nutritious vegetables for our employees’ lunch each day. We pay a fair wage to our workers (slightly above our competition) to ensure a stable skilled work force, and to support the local community in which we operate.

WATER

TDC’s tile production methods consume a minimum amount of water for curing our cement tiles.

NATURAL PRODUCTS

alt Cement tiles are composed of natural products – sand, cement, and stone aggregates. They are polished and sealed using wax. Our vibrant colors are composed of natural mineral pigments.

SHIPPING

Most (but not all) of our tiles are delivered around the world by ship (not airline) – perhaps the lowest energy consuming method of transportation.

We believe TDC and its employees are doing our part to be environmentally responsible citizens – we hope you agree.

How are TDC Mother of Pearl tiles made ?

TDC Mother of Pearl (MOP) tiles are made by hand – one at a time – by our experienced tile makers. As such, each tile is unique and will have very slight variations which establish its unique character, depth and charm.

 

Our MOP tiles are made using a metal crafted pattern mold, mineral pigments, Portland cement and MOP of varying sizes and shapes – ranging from fine MOP aggregate chips to larger MOP pieces up to xx inch in length. These basic ingredients are compressed using TDC’s mechanical hydraulic presses – many original century-old French equipment preserved and restored to their original use. There is no glaze or kiln firing involved in our tile production. MOP tiles are cured by water and air only.

Handmade MOP tiles are a “green product”– made from common ingredients found in nature and using extremely low energy consumption.

Metal molds are made by TDC’s mold crafters to reflect classic MOP tile historical designs or our customers’ custom designs provided to us by their own drawings. The molds we craft may be steel or copper grids forming the desired patterns.

Pigment compositions, varying from soft subtle hues to vibrant bold colors, which will give each tile production its own unique look, are created by TDC’s most experienced tile makers from a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral color pigments.

Mother of Pearl, is available in iridescent black, white, yellow and brown colors. MOP can be cut into square, hexagonal, oval, round, or other shapes. MOP can be used to form spectacular design patterns or to cover an entire tile surface.

TDC’s tile pressers then begin the production process by securely setting the metal molds into a mold framework that will define the border size of the tile.

LAYER 1: The tile presser sets and pours the first tile layer by hand – containing the MOP and the desired powdered white marble / cement / pigment mix into each section of the pattern’s mold. This first layer is, in fact, the patterned top of the tile, now laying face-down in the mold. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) in depth.

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LAYER 2: After the patterned color layer is poured, the metal pattern mold is removed carefully by hand. Next, a much drier cement / fine sand mixture is carefully hand-sprinkled on top. This layer will draw moisture from the more moist patterned initial layer below when it is pressed. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) and provides a strong base for the first patterned layer.

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LAYER 3: The third and final layer of cement / sand is poured in the mold and leveled to form what will become the bottom porous layer of the finished tile of a thickness necessary for installation integrity. This layer typically results in a full tile depth of .4” (10mm) for a standard 8” square tile.

Finally, a metal plate, is placed on top and the tile is pressed using a hydraulic press using up to 2000 pounds per square inch.
After pressing, our tile pressers carefully remove the new tile from the mold and moisten it to ensure the cement / sand mixture undergoes the chemical change necessary to produce the strongest concrete tiles.

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After curing, the surface of our MOP tiles go through several inspection and polishing steps to ensure a perfect surface. Finally, our employees apply by hand several layers of wax sealer to the tile surface before packing and shipping them to our customers to enjoy!

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How are TDC terrazzo tiles made ?

TDC Mother of Pearl (MOP) tiles are made by hand – one at a time – by our experienced tile makers. As such, each tile is unique and will have very slight variations which establish its unique character, depth and charm.

 

Our MOP tiles are made using a metal crafted pattern mold, mineral pigments, Portland cement and MOP of varying sizes and shapes – ranging from fine MOP aggregate chips to larger MOP pieces up to xx inch in length. These basic ingredients are compressed using TDC’s mechanical hydraulic presses – many original century-old French equipment preserved and restored to their original use. There is no glaze or kiln firing involved in our tile production. MOP tiles are cured by water and air only.

Handmade MOP tiles are a “green product”– made from common ingredients found in nature and using extremely low energy consumption.

Metal molds are made by TDC’s mold crafters to reflect classic MOP tile historical designs or our customers’ custom designs provided to us by their own drawings. The molds we craft may be steel or copper grids forming the desired patterns.

Pigment compositions, varying from soft subtle hues to vibrant bold colors, which will give each tile production its own unique look, are created by TDC’s most experienced tile makers from a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral color pigments.

Mother of Pearl, is available in iridescent black, white, yellow and brown colors. MOP can be cut into square, hexagonal, oval, round, or other shapes. MOP can be used to form spectacular design patterns or to cover an entire tile surface.

TDC’s tile pressers then begin the production process by securely setting the metal molds into a mold framework that will define the border size of the tile.

LAYER 1: The tile presser sets and pours the first tile layer by hand – containing the MOP and the desired powdered white marble / cement / pigment mix into each section of the pattern’s mold. This first layer is, in fact, the patterned top of the tile, now laying face-down in the mold. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) in depth.

alt

LAYER 2: After the patterned color layer is poured, the metal pattern mold is removed carefully by hand. Next, a much drier cement / fine sand mixture is carefully hand-sprinkled on top. This layer will draw moisture from the more moist patterned initial layer below when it is pressed. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) and provides a strong base for the first patterned layer.

alt

LAYER 3: The third and final layer of cement / sand is poured in the mold and leveled to form what will become the bottom porous layer of the finished tile of a thickness necessary for installation integrity. This layer typically results in a full tile depth of .4” (10mm) for a standard 8” square tile.

Finally, a metal plate, is placed on top and the tile is pressed using a hydraulic press using up to 2000 pounds per square inch.
After pressing, our tile pressers carefully remove the new tile from the mold and moisten it to ensure the cement / sand mixture undergoes the chemical change necessary to produce the strongest concrete tiles.

alt

After curing, the surface of our MOP tiles go through several inspection and polishing steps to ensure a perfect surface. Finally, our employees apply by hand several layers of wax sealer to the tile surface before packing and shipping them to our customers to enjoy!

alt

How are TDC cement tiles made ?

TDC Mother of Pearl (MOP) tiles are made by hand – one at a time – by our experienced tile makers. As such, each tile is unique and will have very slight variations which establish its unique character, depth and charm.

 

Our MOP tiles are made using a metal crafted pattern mold, mineral pigments, Portland cement and MOP of varying sizes and shapes – ranging from fine MOP aggregate chips to larger MOP pieces up to xx inch in length. These basic ingredients are compressed using TDC’s mechanical hydraulic presses – many original century-old French equipment preserved and restored to their original use. There is no glaze or kiln firing involved in our tile production. MOP tiles are cured by water and air only.

Handmade MOP tiles are a “green product”– made from common ingredients found in nature and using extremely low energy consumption.

Metal molds are made by TDC’s mold crafters to reflect classic MOP tile historical designs or our customers’ custom designs provided to us by their own drawings. The molds we craft may be steel or copper grids forming the desired patterns.

Pigment compositions, varying from soft subtle hues to vibrant bold colors, which will give each tile production its own unique look, are created by TDC’s most experienced tile makers from a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral color pigments.

Mother of Pearl, is available in iridescent black, white, yellow and brown colors. MOP can be cut into square, hexagonal, oval, round, or other shapes. MOP can be used to form spectacular design patterns or to cover an entire tile surface.

TDC’s tile pressers then begin the production process by securely setting the metal molds into a mold framework that will define the border size of the tile.

LAYER 1: The tile presser sets and pours the first tile layer by hand – containing the MOP and the desired powdered white marble / cement / pigment mix into each section of the pattern’s mold. This first layer is, in fact, the patterned top of the tile, now laying face-down in the mold. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) in depth.

alt

LAYER 2: After the patterned color layer is poured, the metal pattern mold is removed carefully by hand. Next, a much drier cement / fine sand mixture is carefully hand-sprinkled on top. This layer will draw moisture from the more moist patterned initial layer below when it is pressed. This layer is typically 1/8” (3mm) and provides a strong base for the first patterned layer.

alt

LAYER 3: The third and final layer of cement / sand is poured in the mold and leveled to form what will become the bottom porous layer of the finished tile of a thickness necessary for installation integrity. This layer typically results in a full tile depth of .4” (10mm) for a standard 8” square tile.

Finally, a metal plate, is placed on top and the tile is pressed using a hydraulic press using up to 2000 pounds per square inch.
After pressing, our tile pressers carefully remove the new tile from the mold and moisten it to ensure the cement / sand mixture undergoes the chemical change necessary to produce the strongest concrete tiles.

alt

After curing, the surface of our MOP tiles go through several inspection and polishing steps to ensure a perfect surface. Finally, our employees apply by hand several layers of wax sealer to the tile surface before packing and shipping them to our customers to enjoy!

alt

Is there anything special I should know about installing cement tile ?

Tile installation is often left to a professional who is an expert in floor preparation, floor leveling, tile-cutting, sealing, etc. If you decide to install your tiles yourself, we can offer the following advice, but of course, you or your installer must remain responsible for proper installation.
INSTALLATION PROCEDURES

 

[HANDLE YOUR TILES WITH CARE]

STEP 1: INSPECT your shipment. Be certain you receive what you ordered – quantity, design, color, etc. CALL US if you have any problems.

STEP 2: SHUFFLE YOUR TILES! As you know, the unique character of your cement tiles is that they are handmade and, as such, involve slight variations from tile-to-tile. To achieve the benefit of this “charm factor”, randomly mix tiles from different boxes to blend the variations.

STEP 3: If possible, LAY OUT YOUR TILES in a “test installation pattern” to be sure all is in order and you are content with the way in which you will arrange and locate each tile.

STEP 4: PREPARE YOUR FLOOR. Your installation surface must be clean, dry, level and smooth! Ideally (though not required) your tiles can be installed over cement board (a manufactured sheet of cement and fiber) to ensure a smooth, clean, and strong supporting foundation for your new tiles.

STEP 5. LOCATE THE CENTER POINT of your installation. Using a tape measure, chalk lines, and a carpenter’s square, determine and mark the exact center point of your room or project installation. This is where you will begin to install your pattern – tile by tile.

[HANDLE YOUR TILES WITH CARE]

STEP 6. PREPARE YOUR TILES. Each tile should be moistened either by soaking in a tray of water for several minutes or, at a minimum, applying water to the under surface of each tile. (UNLESS OTHER INSTRUCTIONS ARE PROVIDED SPECIFIC TO THE ADHESIVE YOU WILL USE).

STEP 7: APPLY YOUR ADHESIVE AND INSTALL. You may choose to use a pre-mixed commercial adhesive or a “thin set” mortar. Begin installing your pattern, tile-by-tile beginning at the center point of your room / project installation. Working outwards, continue your installation towards the walls/edges of your installation.

NOTE – Apply adhesive with a deeply ridged trowel (unless otherwise specified).
NOTE – Abut tiles one against the other – allowing no space between tiles.
NOTE – Hand-level each tile exactly to the surrounding tiles as you install them. Use the pressure of your hands ONLY – do not pound with a wooden or rubber device.

STEP 8: CLEAN-UP immediately any excess adhesive on the surface of your tiles with a damp cloth.

STEP 9: CONGRATULATIONS ! on getting this far – take a rest and allow your installation to dry completely – usually 1 or 2 days – before walking on or wetting your new tile project.

STEP 10: GROUTING can begin once your tile installation is completely dry. The grout mixture should be of a liquid consistency sufficient to fill the very small spaces between the abutted tiles.

STEP 11: CLEAN-UP immediately any excess grout on the surface of your tiles with a damp cloth.

STEP 12: SEALER is very important to increase the stain resistance of your indoor tile surface and should be applied AFTER the grout is completely dried. Follow carefully the sealer manufacturer’s instructions (including TESTING the sealer’s effect on the tile color BEFORE widely applying the sealer to your new tile installation). Periodically re-seal your tile surface to ensure the prolonged beauty of your tile surface design.

NOTE – Outdoor cement tiles can be left untreated, allowing them to weather naturally.

ENJOY YOUR NEW TDC TILE !